WE CARE ABOUT
WHAT IS THE BESTfood for my dog?
Different factors influence the choice of the most suitable food for your dog such as age, size, activity level, whether it has or has not been sterilised or whether it displays any sensitivities.
For example, different nutritional sensitivities exist for large or small dogs associated with their size and differences in rate of ageing that must be taken into account when choosing food.
Dog classification and recommended diet:
The size of a dog is determined by its adult weight and indicates its nutritional needs. And so, they can be classified as:Small dogs (from 1 to 10 kilos), medium-sized dogs (between 11 and 25 kilos) and large dogs (from 26 to 45 kilos).
Up to 10 kilos. Small dogs can be fussy about their food and therefore need more palatable foods, which provide at the same time a suitable energy value to maintain an ideal weight. It is understood that their development concludes at 10 months of age.
Summit 10 recommends the following diet for Small breed dogs:
- Summit 10 Puppy Chicken and rice until 10 months.
- Summit 10 Adult Small Breeds starting at 10 months of age.
- Summit 10 Senior // Light starting at 8 years of age.
- Summit 10 Grain Free: recommended for adult dogs of small breeds with food sensitivities.
Between 10 and 25 kilos. Medium-sized dogs conclude their development at around 12 months, which is why it is starting from 1 year of age when they should be given a food that not only takes care of the health of their skin but changes that require dietary adjustments and at the age of 12 they are senior dogs.
Summit 10 recommends the following diet for medium-sized dogs:
- Summit 10 Puppy Chicken & Rice until 12 months.
- Summit 10 Adult Chicken or Lamb & Rice starting at 12 months of age.
- Summit 10 Energy Chicken & Rice starting at 12 months for dogs that do intense physical activity.
- Summit 10 Grain Free: recommended for adult dogs of mediumsized breeds with food sensitivities.
- Summit 10 Senior/ Light starting at 7 years of age.
Between 26 and 45 kilos. PLarge dogs with a longer growth period lasting for up to 15-18 months and considered senior dogs from 5 years of age.
Summit 10 recommends the following diet for dogs of large breeds:
- Summit 10 Puppy Chicken and rice until 18 months.
- Summit 10 Adult Chicken & Rice or Lamb & Rice starting at 18 months of age.
- Summit 10 Grain Free: recommended for adult dogs of large breeds with food sensitivities.
- Summit 10 Energy: recommended starting at 18 months for dogs that do intense physical activity.
- Summit 10 Senior Light starting at 5 or 6 years of age.
BASIC NUTRIENTSfor feeding your dog responsibly
A dog is considered to be an omnivore, or a liberal carnivore, and requires a provision of nutrients in proportions and quantities that are suited to its needs.
Below we explain which nutrients a dog needs and what many of them are good for.
Water. This is the most important nutrient, without which the rest of an organism’s functions would be impossible. And so, a dog must always have water available, the fresher the better but never straight from the fridge.
Proteins. These are made up of chains of amino acids and are used by the organism to build and regenerate tissue. They also allow reactions. Some amino acids are synthesised from others but the “essential amino acids” cannot be synthesised by the organism and must be supplied in food.
The best sources of animal protein are meat, fish and eggs. Furthermore, if these are fresh, their proteins have a higher nutritional quality and are extremely digestible, which means that they have the capacity to supply all the essential amino acids a dog needs.
Carbohydrates. This group also includes starches and sugars, which supply energy for immediate use, fibres such as cellulose and psyllium as well as prebiotics such as fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and mannanoligosaccharides (MOS).
Lipids. Also called fats their main function is to supply energy, which if the organism does not use accumulate, causing weight gain. On the other hand, fats provide fatty acids. Among the most important of these are those of the omega 3 and omega 6 series. Omega 3 fatty acids are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, especially EPA and DHA which are found in oily fish. Omega 6 fatty acids are a source of essential fatty acids and important in maintaining skin health and coat quality.
Minerals. are indispensable for specific functions and are not of organic origin.
- Macroelements: an organism needs these in relatively high quantities. This is the case withphosphorus, which transports energy; magnesium, indispensable for producing nerve impulses; potassium and sodium, which intervene in ionic cellular balancing; and calcium which allows ossification of the bones.
- Trace elements: an organism needs these, but in lower quantities. Iron belongs to this group, which is indispensable for synthesising the haemoglobin in the red blood cells (which carry oxygen to the cells); zinc, for cutaneous development; copper, for synthesising skin pigments; iodine, which helps the thyroid glands to function;iodine,, which helps the thyroid glands to function; and selenium, which acts as an antioxidant.
Vitamins. Are important for regulating cell functionality. Some are soluble in water (hydrosoluble) and others are soluble in fat (fat-soluble), so that vitamins, according to their type, reach the cells through water or fat. It is well known that vitamins tend to be given an alphabetical denomination althoughsome vitamins have their own name:
- Biotin (vitamin H): indispensable for skin and coat.
Other nutrients. As well as all the nutrients we have looked at so far, there is a large group of nutrients which, without being indispensable, help to keep a dog healthy. They are called nutraceuticals and may have very diverse functions as there are antioxidants, chondroprotectives, digestives, etc.
TIPS ON KEEPINGour dog at its ideal weight
Excess weight is one of the worst enemies for a dog and can even reduce its life expectancy.
Take note of the following practical tips:
A good choice: Choose a balanced food, bearing in mind age, size, level of physical activity and its physiological state (whether it has been castrated or not). Switch food immediately after sterilisation to one specifically for sterilised dogs.
Regular exercise: walks, games, etc.
Provide suitable portions spread across two feeds a day, or three for puppies.
Do not give them titbits, leftovers or sweets.
Monitor your dog’s weight assiduously.
If there is more than one dog in the home, take care and ensure that one is not eating part of the other’s portion.
Visit the vet regularly and follow any nutritional guidelines given.
If a dog is suffering from obesity, it must be understood that this is a disease and, as such, should be treated by following the regimen established by the vet relating to diet and changing habits.
WHAT IS THE BESTfood for my cat?
A good diet must contain all the nutrients a cat needs in the required quantities health.
And so, when choosing the most suitable food, a series of variable should be considered: whether it has been formulated for cats, age (kitten, adult or mature), physiological state (pregnant, lactating...), whether it has been sterilised or not, its lifestyle and any sensitivities it may have.
Diet plays an essential role in keeping a cat healthy and its well-being as well as in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. However, an unsuitable diet, through it not being balanced or properly rationed, may lead to clinical diseases.
A cat’s main nutritional problem is obesity although others to keep in mind are, among others, gastrointestinal disorders or a deficient immune system.
With respect to obesity, it should be borne in mind that a close correlation exists between it and diabetes mellitus, joint problems, cardiac and liver diseases, skin disorders and even complications with surgical operations and anaesthetic risks.
Ultimately, an unsuitable diet generates a cascade of disorders that significantly influence a cat’s quality of life, put it at greater risk of contracting diseases and lower its life expectancy.
From 2 to 12 months of age: From the moment of birth itself, a kitten’s diet is fundamental. After weaning, a kitten’s digestive apparatus, which has been evolving to stop drinking milk, needs new food. This new kitten food should be capable of satisfying all its nutritional requirements.
It is also important to bear in mind that its digestive apparatus is still immature and so the food should be as digestible as possible. Another key aspect of kitten food is that it should promote optimal immune system functionality, given that it is not yet fully developed and has stopped receiving the defences it was getting from its mother’s milk.
Summit 10 recommends the following food for kittens:
- Summit 10 Kitten Chicken, fish & rice.
Starting at 1 year of age: A kitten’s food should next be changed when it reaches maturity, at around 12 months of age.
Notwithstanding, if it has been castrated, it should be given a food adapted to this new condition. Such food for sterilised cats should contain all the nutrients required for its complete development but with lower calorie levels, in order to prevent possible weight gain, and capable of making the urine more diluted and less acidic, owing to a higher risk of urinary stone formation.
It only remains to remind you that the maximum daily ration should always be respected at the beginning and adjusted according to a kitten’s evolution bearing in mind that if it is gaining weight it is because it is being given more calories than it is consuming. This is crucial to stopping it from becoming overweight a disorder that then becomes very difficult to correct.
If you give your cat a high-quality food adapted to its nutritional requirements and if it is never short of clean, fresh water, it has a better chance of growing up healthy and strong.
Summit 10 recommends the following food for adult cats, starting at 1 year of age:
- Summit 10 Adult Cats Complet – Special furball control.
- Summit 10 Adult Cats Light & Sterilized.
- Summit 10 Pregnant and lactating females // Kitten (Chicken, fish & rice).
BASIC NUTRIENTSfor feeding yout cat responsibly
A cat needs an infinite number of nutrients in very specific quantities and proportions.
Below, we explain which nutrients it needs and which provide a suitable diet.
Water. Is just like any other nutrient and required for an organism’s other functions. And so, a cat should always have access to water and we should ensure that it drinks given that, by nature, it does not always drink as much as it should.
Proteins. An organism uses them to build and regenerate tissue as well as produce enzymes which then perform the chemical reactions that keep it alive. Some of the amino acids are called “essential” because they are necessary for its health and its organism cannot synthesise them. The highest quality and most digestible are meat, fish and eggs.
Carbohydrates. This group also includes starches and sugars, which supply energy for immediate use, fibres such as cellulose and psyllium as well as prebiotics such as FOS. Cats can digest and assimilate starches perfectly when they are properly treated, as is the case with the manufacture of dry foods, and constitute an excellent energy source for them.
Lipids. Fats supply high energy levels and essential fatty acids. Among the most important of these are those of the omega 3 and omega 6 series . Omega 3 fatty acids are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, especially EPA and DHA which are found in oily fish. Omega 6 fatty acids are a source of essential fatty acids and important in maintaining skin health and coat quality.
Minerals. are indispensable for specific functions that are not of organic origin.
- Macroelements: an organism needs these in relatively high quantities. This is the case with phosphorus, which transports energy; magnesium, indispensable for producing nerve impulses; potassium and sodium, which intervene in ionic cellular balancing; and calcium, which allows ossification of the bones.
- Trace elements: an organism needs these, but in lower quantities. Iron belongs to this group, which is indispensable for synthesising the haemoglobin in the red blood cells (which carry oxygen to the cells); zinc, for cutaneous development; copper, for synthesising skin pigments; iodine, which helps the thyroid glands to function; and selenium,the thyroid glands to function; and selenium,
Vitamins. These are many and perform very diverse functions in the organism of your cat by regulating cellular functionality. They are usually denominated alphabetically.
Other nutrients. There is a large group of nutrients which are not indispensable, but whose presence in your cat’s food brings great added value. They are called nutraceuticals yand may have very diverse functions, acting as antioxidants or chondroprotectives.
HOW CAN YOU CONTROLyour cat's appetite?
Most cats live inside our homes. This means that a cat has a relatively reduced territory and, because of this, normally uses very little energy. In turn, this produces slower digestion, which affects, among other things, the smell of its faeces, which tends to be more intense.
House cats are also frequently given more food-based treats, which are not usually suited to their nutritional needs.
On the other hand, living in a house may cause a cat to become bored promoting excess grooming and with it an increased risk of furballs forming in its digestive apparatus. Also, boredom is associated with stress, which in some cases may cause a cat to want to eat even when it is not hungry.
For this type of cat, foods containing highly satiating fibres should be chosen, which allow the appetite to be controlled in a natural way, eliminate furballs and contain a lower fat content to reduce the total calories not consumed owing to its lack of activity. It is essential to adjust portions according to the on-pack instructions because there is no benefit in feeding it such a customised food if it is then allowed to gorge on it.
BENEFITSof a multi-protein diet
Protein is the most important part of our pets’ diet because it provides essential amino acids, which are indispensable for pet health. Given that a high percentage of their diet is based on protein, then it should be good quality.
On the other hand, the more variety of proteins there are in a dog or a cat’s diet, the greater their biological contribution will be. Therefore, if a dog has no allergies it is better to regularly feed it a diet varied in high-quality proteins.
Furthermore, various scientific studies have proved that puppies fed a variety of foods during their first year have a lower probability of developing food allergies later on.
The protein sources of Summit 10 are: Chicken, Lamb, Fish and Eggs
THE VALUEof fresh foods
Fresh meat or fish provide excellent nutritional values because their proteins are of high nutritional quality and extremely digestible, which means they can provide all the essential amino acids a body needs.
Furthermore, fresh meat provides better vitamin conservation and less fat oxidation.
Summit 10 Grain Free contains 40% fresh meat or fish.